Easily Understand Material Management in PM

Importance of Material Management

Material Management Civil-things
Material Management Civil-things

Material management is a crucial aspect of construction projects, encompassing all activities related to materials from inception to delivery on-site. It constitutes a significant portion of project costs, ranging from 40% to 60%. Efficient material management is key for optimizing project timelines, costs, and quality.

Why Material Management is Essential

Effective material management ensures:

  • Cost Savings: Proper planning and timely availability of materials lead to cost efficiency.
  • Time Management: Scheduled procurement and delivery prevent project delays.
  • Quality Improvement: Ensuring the right materials in correct quantities enhances construction quality.

Key Functions of Material Management

Material management involves:

  • Scientific procurement planning
  • Determining what, when, and how much to purchase
  • Identifying reliable suppliers
  • Efficient storage and distribution
  • Monitoring market conditions for cost-effective purchases

Objectives of Material Management

The objectives of material management can be categorized into primary and secondary objectives.

Primary Objectives

  1. Efficient Materials Planning: Strategically plan material needs throughout the project lifecycle.
  2. Buying or Purchasing: Source high-quality materials from trusted suppliers.
  3. Procuring and Receiving: Ensure timely receipt and inspection of materials.
  4. Storing and Inventory Control: Optimize storage to minimize wastage and damage.
  5. Supply and Distribution of Materials: Facilitate smooth material flow within the project.
  6. Quality Assurance: Maintain standards through inspections and tests.
  7. Good Supplier and Customer Relationship: Foster strong partnerships for reliable supply chains.
  8. Improved Departmental Efficiency: Enhance overall project efficiency through streamlined material processes.

Secondary Objectives

  1. Efficient Production Scheduling: Align material availability with production schedules.
  2. To Take, Make or Buy Decisions: Strategically decide whether to produce or purchase materials.
  3. Prepare Specifications and Standardization of Materials: Establish quality norms and standards.
  4. To Assist in Product Design and Development: Contribute to product enhancement through material insights.
  5. Forecasting Demand and Quantity of Materials: Predict future needs for effective inventory management.
  6. Quality Control of Materials Purchased: Ensure consistency in material quality.
  7. Material Handling: Implement safe and efficient material handling practices.
  8. Use of Value Analysis and Value Engineering: Optimize material value through analysis.
  9. Developing Skills of Workers in Materials Management: Train and empower staff for efficient operations.
  10. Smooth Flow of Materials in and out of the Organization: Minimize bottlenecks in material flow for project continuity.

Objectives of Material Management

Objectives of Material Management

Consistency of quality
Steady flow of material
Speedy disposal of surplus material
Improving competitive strength
Elimination/minimisation of wastage of materials
Economy in cost of material
Lower inventory investment
Preservation/conservation of material
Improved corporate image through good buyer-seller relationships
Good record

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